Psychological & psycho-social factors seem to play an important role in facial & oro-facial pain.
Psychogenic factors have been considered as the most common & major causative factors in BMS.
The majority of BMS sufferers have experienced stressful life- events / long-term social problems. After iron deficiency, depression is thought to be the next most frequent causative factor (depression followed by generalised anxiety & cancerophobia).
Who does it affect?
Middle-aged or older women are mainly affected.
Do I need any special tests?
Yes. As BMS can be due to anæmia, this has to be checked for first however, in a lot of cases, there is no indication of anæmia.
How is it treated?
There is no treatment. Sometimes treatments for thrush can ease the discomfort. If the BMS is due to anæmia, then treatment of the anæmia will help; likewise, if the BMS is related to diabetes.